Various Kinds of Dock Loading Apparatus
In order to ensure easy and safe offloading and loading of material at the harbor, use of dock loading equipment is vital. This article will discuss the different kinds of dock equipment, their uses and also characteristics.
One of them is Dock Levelers. These are used to necessitate easy movement of material to the trailers from the docks. Dock levers form a bridge between the harbor and the trailers, therefore, making sure there is a safe and easy transfer of goods. There are three types of dock levelers depending on the drive mechanism they possess. The types include the mechanical type, pneumatic, and the hydraulic type.
Mechanical levelers are the cheapest of the three. This type is characterized by a spring and chain mechanism which moves the deck up and down. Hydraulic levelers are used when transferring material that is large in volume. Hydraulic levers are automatic and are driven just by pushing a button. Pneumatic levelers raise the deck by using airbags. Pneumatic levers are gaining popularity because of their simple operation mode and cost less to maintain.
The vertical dock leveler is another commonly used one. It is the hydraulic leveler kind that stays upright whenever it is not being used. This is easy to keep clean and improve its energy efficiency.
You should consider the volume of goods to be moved, the height adjustment and the weight a leveler can handle when choosing one.
Vehicle restraint is another equipment used in dock loading. This equipment ensures that safety is maintained at the harbor. Vehicle restraints are used to keep loading and unloading trucks at the dock in place. This is so because mishaps can be caused the accidental movement of a truck when loading or unloading or even during parking. You can use Electro-hydraulic, Electro-mechanical or mechanical vehicle restraints in your facility. While purchasing this loading equipment, you need to ensure that it is user-friendly.
Dock seals are another important equipment. It is used to fill in the gaps between the truck and the dock door. This ensures there is no air leakage. This enhances goods safety and eliminates the possibility of contaminating stored goods. This contamination usually occurs because of air infiltration. One of them is the inflatable seals, which are the most common type. These are used to seal the top of the trailer as well as the flanks. Then there comes the pad seal which is very popular since its quite cheap.
Aside from the above-mentioned equipment, there exists many other kinds of loading equipment like pumpers, lights, lifts etc. Several factors should be considered before purchasing loading dock equipment. These considerations include the price, the manufacturing company, the safety characteristics of the equipment as well as other specifications like the volume of material to be handled, the weight and the material the equipment is made of.