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What are Septic Tanks and Their Purpose Any home or business need the septic system to function well for our comfort but we seldom do not really have a clue on how this system operates. Note that while septic tanks are generally low in maintenance, if something will go wrong with the system, we will face with a tricky and expensive situation. So if we want to avoid serious problems about our septic tanks, it is good to know some basic knowledge about its system. To start with, let us have an idea on what is a septic system. A septic system is a sewage treatment system that is small in scale and this is used in places that are not connected to any government or private firm sewage operation. In rural areas where sewage mains are too far away, homes and farms used this septic systems to avoid spending so much. By pumping waste water from our bathrooms, kitchens and laundry facilities, the septic system then sends it to effluent tanks, the wastes are processed and are dispersed onto a drain field of the septic system. That important part of the septic system that holds wastewater from 4000 to 7500 litres is the septic tank. Usually, your septic tank is buried underground and is connected on one end to an inlet pipe where sewage would flow in, and on the other end connected to a septic drain for filtered wastewater to flow out. Nowadays, the modern septic tanks are composed of two chambers with a dividing wall that separates both, and this wall has openings midway between the bottom and top of the tank.
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When the wastewater enters the first chamber of the effluent tank, what will settle on the bottom are the solids while the scum floats to the top. The solids at the bottom usually will just decompose and float into the water. From the first chamber, the liquid proceeds to the second chamber through the openings in the dividing wall, while the solids and scums are left in the first chamber. It is in the second chamber where more settlement occurs because of the settlement process, and the liquid here is almost clear and is drained from the tank to the septic drain field of seepage field.
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Septic drain fields can be described as trenches of perforated pipes and with some gravel or porous material. In order to avoid animals from contacting these wastewater, the field is covered with layers of soil. On the other side, the wastewater is transferred to the gravel through the perforated pipes thus removing the contaminants and impurities. Usually, a septic system runs entirely on gravity given conditions are right, but if not, a pump can be installed.